From WikiGarden


Fungi are an important part of ecosystem processes. The roles of different fungi include decomposers that recycle nutrients, mycorrhizal fungi that are associated with plant roots and assist water and nutrient absorption, along with disease fungi such as myrtle rust which attack their hosts. Many fungi are important food sources for native animals.

The macrofungi include those with larger, more visible fruiting bodies (mushrooms) and are mainly decomposers or mycorrhiza. The majority of macrofungi belong to either the sac fungi (Ascomycetes) or the club fungi (Basidiomycetes). The sac fungi are recognised by the typical a cup or sac (ascus) usually containing eight sexually-produced spores. These include the cup fungi, morels, truffles and most lichens. Club fungi are recognised by their distinctive club shaped cells (basidia), which usually bear sexually-produced spores in groups of four. They include the mushrooms, puffballs, coral fungi, bracket fungi and many other forms.

Native plants | Environment, land and water | Queensland Government : taken from -

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