Aphids are one of the most destructive pests on cultivated plants in temperate region. They can cause yellowing, mottled leaves, stunted growth, curle..
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Prevention is the most effective method of dealing with weeds. Once a weed has entered an area and become established, eradication is far more expensi..
Growing tomatoes is simple and just a few plants yield plenty of delicious tomatoes. Remember, tomato plants can grow almost anywhere, that is warm an..
Algae and Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) have traditionally been grouped together based on their ability to undertake photosynthesis in aquati..
Fungi are an important part of ecosystem processes. The roles of different fungi include decomposers that recycle nutrients, mycorrhizal fungi t..
The lichens are a group of organisms characterised by a symbiotic relationship between a fungus and a photobiont (photosynthetic organism). Th..
“Bryophyte” is a collective term for three distinct lineages of non-vascular land plants: mosses (Bryophyta), liverworts (Marchantiophyta) a..
Although the use of chemicals is not always essential, herbicides can be an important and effective component of any weed control program.
In some sit..
Mulching, by covering the ground with a layer of organic material, suppresses or kills weeds by providing a barrier between the weeds and sunlight. Mu..
Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is a green, leafy and bushy plant with several branches growing from the stem. These branches contribute to the bushy appearance of the plant.
Tilling, the ploughing or cultivation method that turns over the soil, buries the weed beneath the soil. This provides a barrier to the sun, therefore..